Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point. It causes spots, oily skin and sometimes skin that’s hot or painful to touch.
Acne most commonly develops on the:
- face – this affects almost everyone with acne
- back – this affects more than half of people with acne
- chest – this affects about 15% of people with acne
Types of spots
There are 6 main types of spot caused by acne:
- blackheads – small black or yellowish bumps that develop on the skin; they’re not filled with dirt, but are black because the inner lining of the hair follicle produces colour
- whiteheads – have a similar appearance to blackheads, but may be firmer and will not empty when squeezed
- papules – small red bumps that may feel tender or sore
- pustules – similar to papules, but have a white tip in the centre, caused by a build-up of pus
- nodules – large hard lumps that build up beneath the surface of the skin and can be painful
- cysts – the most severe type of spot caused by acne; they’re large pus-filled lumps that look similar to boils and carry the greatest risk of causing permanent scarring.
Things you can try if you have acne
These self-help techniques may be useful:
- Do not wash affected areas of skin more than twice a day. Frequent washing can irritate the skin and make symptoms worse.
- Wash the affected area with a cosmeceutical cleanser and lukewarm water.
- Do not try to “clean out” blackheads or squeeze spots. This can make them worse and cause permanent scarring.
- Avoid using too much make-up. Use mineral or organic products that are described as non-comedogenic. This means the product is less likely to block the pores in your skin.
- Completely remove make-up before going to bed always double cleanse! Once to remove makeup or pollutants from the day and one to deep clean.
- If dry skin is a problem, use a cosmeceutical moisturiser.
- Regular exercise may not improve your acne, but it can boost your mood and improve your self-esteem. Shower as soon as possible once you finish exercising as sweat can irritate your acne or get stuck in blocked pores.
- Wash your hair regularly and try to avoid letting your hair fall across your face using organic shampoo and conditioner as some shampoo and conditioners can make acne worse.
Although acne cannot be cured, it can be controlled with treatment.
If you develop mild acne, this can be controlled with home care cosmeceuticals.
If your acne is severe or appears on your chest and back, it may need to be treated with antbiotics or in clinic treatments such as chemical peels or LED light therapy.
When to seek medical advice
If you have mild acne, speak to me in an Acne consultation.
You should have some in clinic treatments if you have moderate or severe acne or you develop nodules or cysts, as they need to be treated properly to avoid scarring although we can manage any scarring after clearing it.
Try to resist the temptation to pick or squeeze the spots, as this can also lead to scarring.
Treatments can take up to a month to work, so do not expect results overnight. Once they do start to work, the results are usually good.
Why do I have acne?
Acne is most commonly linked to the changes in hormone levels during puberty, but can start at any age.
Certain hormones cause the grease-producing glands next to hair follicles in the skin to produce larger amounts of oil (abnormal sebum).
This abnormal sebum changes the activity of a usually harmless skin bacterium called P. acnes, which becomes more aggressive and causes inflammation and pus.
The hormones also thicken the inner lining of the hair follicle, causing blockage of the pores. Cleaning the skin does not help to remove this blockage.
Other possible causes
Acne is known to run in families. If both your mother and father had acne, it’s likely that you’ll also have acne.
Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during the menstrual cycle or pregnancy, can also lead to episodes of acne in women.
There’s no evidence that diet, poor hygiene or sexual activity play a role in acne.
Acne is very common in teenagers and younger adults. About 95% of people aged 11 to 30 are affected by acne to some extent.
Acne is most common in girls from the ages of 14 to 17, and in boys from the ages of 16 to 19.
Most people have acne on and off for several years before their symptoms start to improve as they get older.
Acne often disappears when a person is in their mid-20s.
In some cases, acne can continue into adult life. About 3% of adults have acne over the age of 35.
To book an Acne consultation contact me or book online.