Private Diabetes risk assessment

What is Type 1 Diabetes and how is it different to Type 2?

Type 1 diabetes is affecting around 360,000 people in the UK today.* Diabetes is a lifelong, metabolic condition that affects an individual’s blood glucose (blood sugar) levels. Our body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose – small, sugar units that are used up in cells to provide the body with energy. Under normal circumstances, an organ called the pancreas produces insulin, which is a hormone designed to control the amount of glucose in the blood.

However, Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the pancreas no longer produces any insulin. As a result, unused glucose builds up in the blood, causing blood sugar levels to become too high. This can lead to the sudden development of potentially life-threatening symptoms. 

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

As the body tries to remove the excess glucose through urine and break down fat as an alternative source of energy, people with Type 1 diabetes typically experience the following symptoms:

  • Needing to urinate more, especially during the night
  • Often feeling thirsty
  • Increased tiredness and drowsiness
  • Loss of weight and muscle bulk
  • Increased hunger, but losing weight
  • Itchiness around the genital area or regularly contracting thrush (yeast infection)
  • Fruity-smelling breath
  • Numbness in hands and feet

Whilst in adults Type 1 diabetes symptoms can develop over a few months, for children it can be a matter of weeks or days. However, with the right treatment, they should disappear. If you have not been diagnosed with diabetes and frequently experience these symptoms, you should visit a health care professional as soon as possible.

Type 2 diabetes is a condition that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar we use as a source of energy. Once glucose is released from the food we eat and enters the bloodstream, your body releases a hormone called insulin. Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body responds abnormally to the insulin produced, creating a resistance. This means that unused glucose can build up in your bloodstream causing high blood sugar levels.

Type 2 Diabetes Signs and Symptoms in Adults

With less obvious symptoms than Type 1, people who have Type 2 diabetes may be unaware. Type 2 diabetes symptoms in both women and men can develop relatively slowly and therefore can often go unnoticed for an extended period of time. However, the most common symptoms in adults are:

  • Increased thirst
  • Passing water more often, especially at night
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing wounds
  • Genital itching and regular instances of thrush

Have I got diabetes?

If you think you may have developed Type 2 Diabetes, I am here to help. The test is for people aged 16 and over who may be at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes, a condition characterised by what is known as insulin resistance.

This is where the body does not effectively respond to the insulin produced, as a result blood sugar levels become too high. It can be managed by taking tablets and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

How I test for diabetes

What to expect at a Type 2 Diabetes screening appointment

Step one

You will be asked a series of questions and I will take some measurements in order to help determine whether you are at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, including:

  • Your age
  • Your height, weight and waist measurement
  • Your level of daily activity 
  • Your diet, in particular how many fruit and vegetables you eat
  • If you have ever had a high blood glucose reading
  • If any family member has diabetes

Step two

If you are at high risk, I will measure your blood pressure and your random blood glucose level, by taking a very small finger prick sample of blood. A random blood glucose test is a blood sugar test taken without needing to fast beforehand.

Step three

Depending on the results of this test, I may ask you to come back for further assessment. This will include:

  • A fasting blood glucose test, which involves taking a sample of blood when you have an empty stomach (usually first thing in the morning before you have breakfast)
  • Weight, height and waist measurement
  • Additional blood pressure measurements

We will also offer you lifestyle advice and recommend ways of reducing your chance of developing Type 2 Diabetes, tailored to your needs. If appropriate, I may refer you to your doctor.

Book online or call 07841389233 £20

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

  • Collagen Powder – Why you should take a daily dose!

    Collagen is a natural skeletal protein and is one of the body’s most abundant components, making up nearly 80% of the body’s skin, muscles and connective tissue. It is thought that from the age of 25, your body’s collagen levels deplete at a rate of 1.5% per annum. This means that by the age of…

  • Dermal Filler for Saggy Jowls
    Dermal Filler for Saggy Jowls

    Jowls are essentially sagging skin around the jawline. This occurs because the skin loses elasticity with age and facial ligaments weaken which reduces support in this area. Fortunately, dermal fillers can be used for a jowl lift and how to use dermal filler for saggy jowls. Fillers can help reduce the appearance of jowls and…

  • The Cost of Dermal Fillers per Syringe in the UK
    The Cost of Dermal Fillers per Syringe in the UK

    Unlocking the Affordable Secrets: A Comprehensive Guide to the Cost of Dermal Fillers per Syringe in the UK Looking to enhance your appearance with dermal fillers in the UK? Understanding the cost of dermal fillers per syringe or per ml is essential for budgeting and finding the best deal. In this comprehensive guide, we unlock…

  • Deso body Fat Dissolving injections
    Deso body Fat Dissolving injections

    What is Deso Body Fat Dissolving? Deso Body Fat dissolving injections are a way to remove unwanted fat deposits by using a special solution called Deoxycholic Acid at the clinic we use DESO BODY, which is injected into the fatty areas of the body or face using a needle or cannula. After the fat dissolving…